Dated: 24th April 2023
Whether BJP will be able to retain “Modi” Brand for the upcoming 2024 Lok Sabha Elections…?
Till the recent report by the New York-based activist short-seller Hindenburg Research showed a vast array of offshore entities with ties to the Adani group, which it indicated may have been used to inflate profits, hide losses or blur ownership. The report, titled Adani Group: How The World’s 3rd Richest Man Is Pulling The Largest Con In Corporate History, said the group was involved in “brazen stock manipulation and accounting fraud”.
The report, which came out on January 24, hit India and stocks of the group’s listed companies like a bombshell, even as they retraced several older trails of regulators’ inquiries that had gone nowhere. The ensuing days wiped more than $110bn of market value off the group’s listed firms and halved Adani’s net worth.
In 2014, when Modi became prime minister, Adani was ranked 609 on the list of the richest people in the world, Gandhi said. “Then magic happened and he reached the second rank,”
Soon after the Hindenburg Report, the Adani shares also started falling. The opposition started alleging that the PM Modi has close connection with Adani and therefore the government should come out with truth or a Joint Parliamentary Committee (JPC) should be constituted to find out the truth.
In the meanwhile Rahul Gandhi’s ‘Bharat Jodo Yatra’ began following his disqualification from Lok Sabha.
All these incedents triggered the divided opposition parties and they once again united to fight against Modi.
The 2024 elections are still a year away, but there can no longer be any doubt that the battle for power has begun in earnest. Narendra Modi and his coterie clearly intend for him to remain in power – as prime minister or, as the chatter goes, president – for the rest of his life. To make sure of this, he has unleashed a campaign of strong-arming civil society, the media and leaders of national and state parties, and tolerated sustained, murderous attacks by self-styled “gau rakshaks” upon Muslims and Dalits, to endear himself to the Hindu lumpen proletariat. And he has done all this with a disregard for the Constitution that has no parallel in any country that prides itself on being a democracy today.
Former Governor Satya Pal Malik
an admirer of Modi, levels serious allegations
Satya Pal Malik, trusted by the Narendra Modi government to preside over Jammu and Kashmir while it was grappling with fateful events, has alleged in an interview that the Prime Minister hushed him up by saying “tum abhi chup raho” when he as governor reported that the blame for the Pulwama massacre lay on the Centre’s own lapses.
Malik began his political career under the Charan Singh umbrella in western Uttar Pradesh and travelled across to the BJP via various Janata or Socialist formations. He recently expressed the wish to campaign for the Congress in 2024, but said he would not join any political party or contest elections.
Malik was appointed Bihar governor by the Modi government in 2017 and transferred to Jammu and Kashmir in 2018. The Pulwama massacre took place in 2019. When the BJP returned to power in 2019, Malik was retained in that post and was in charge when Jammu and Kashmir was stripped of its special status and placed under a long Internet shutdown. When the state became a Union Territory, to be presided over by a lieutenant governor rather than a governor, Malik was transferred to the Raj Bhavan in Goa.
In the interview, Malik spoke about the bombing of the CRPF convoy in Pulwama in February 2019 that killed 40 jawans and was turned into an election issue by the BJP. “CRPF people asked for an aircraft to ferry their people because such a large convoy never goes by road…. They asked the home ministry… They refused to give… They only needed five aircraft, they were not given aircraft,” Malik said.
Recounting the evening of February 14, 2019, he said the Prime Minister had called him from outside the Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand.
The families of the two CRPF jawans from Bengal who died in the February 2019 Pulwama attack want to know the “truth”, agitated by then Jammu and Kashmir governor Satya Pal Malik’s comments in a recent interview.
Malik has alleged that Prime Minister Narendra Modi had shut him up when he blamed the Centre’s lapses for the deaths, and highlighted the Union home ministry’s refusal of aircraft that had forced the convoy to travel by road.
Sudip, then aged 28, was a constable with the CRPF’s 98 Battalion. He was travelling on a bus with colleagues who included Bablu, 40, the head constable of 35 Battalion. Bablu was counting the days before he retired and returned home following the completion of 20 years’ service.
“I don’t know what actually happened,” said farmer Sanyasi Biswas, 68, Sudip’s father. “In these four years, I have heard many things about lapses in security arrangements. But nothing definite has so far come out.”
Sanyasi and his ailing wife Mamata, 63, live with their daughter Jhumpa and son-in-law Samapta at Hanspukuria village in Tehatta.
While Sudip’s parents are waiting to learn about the lapses that killed their son and those responsible for it, his sister Jhumpa believes that the truth will never come out.
“It’s true that the government and a few other organisations have paid ample financial compensation for my parents to live a decent life. But after losing their son, comfort has little meaning for them,” Jhumpa said.
Apart from the Rs 35 lakh that the Centre paid as ex gratia to the next of kin of the Pulwama victims, each of these families received approximately Rs 56 lakh more under various central schemes.
Dated: 13th February 2023
Large scale Subsidy Slash
is an Indicator of fresh IMF Debt…?
The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented 2023-24 Budget on 1st of February. Large scale subsidy slash to the tune of Rs.1,59,000 crore has been observed. The experts observed that it was not an ideal thing that just to peg the Fiscal Deficit – at 5.9% of GDP for FY24, subsidies have been cut for food subsidy by Rs 89,844 crore to Rs 197,350 crore. In the revised budget estimate for 2022-23, the food subsidy was Rs 2,87,194 crore. That is, the budget for food subsidy has been cut by more than 31 per cent.
Similarly, subsidy on fertilisers has also been cut by Rs 50,121 crore. The government has earmarked Rs 1,75,099 crore for fertiliser subsidy in the 2023-24 Budget as against Rs 2,25,220 crore in the revised estimate of 2022-23.
India wants to see international cooperation on debt relief at the forefront of discussions at a meeting of G20 finance officials later this month, India’s finance ministry said on Thursday.
India, which in December took on the presidency of the G20, will urge its fellow members to work for progress on the issue.
The Group of 20 major developed and developing economies in late 2020 launched the Common Framework – a mechanism to provide a swift and comprehensive debt overhaul to countries facing debt burdens, especially after the shock of COVID-19, that would reach beyond temporary debt payment moratoriums.
The key infrastructure and strategic Ministries such as Road Transport and Highways, Railways, Defence, etc. will lead in driving the capital expenditure in FY 2023-24.
For Railway a capital outlay of Rs 2.40 lakh crore, has been provided which is said to be the highest ever outlay and is about 9 times the outlay made in 2013- 14. Whether this outlay provision indicates ‘privatisation’ of Railways Or a major opportunity for the private sector for further job creation.
Budget 2023-24: Subsidy schemes slashed by Rs 1,59,000 crore
MGNREGA allocation slashed by Rs.13,000 crore
LPG subsidy cut by 75 per cent, food subsidy by 31 per cent, fertiliser subsidy by 22%
There has been a big reduction in the money allocated to subsidy schemes in the Union Budget 2023-24. The budget of many subsidy schemes has also been abolished.
The government has cut the budget for food subsidy by Rs 89,844 crore to Rs 197,350 crore. In the revised budget estimate for 2022-23, the food subsidy was Rs 2,87,194 crore. That is, the budget for food subsidy has been cut by more than 31 per cent.
Similarly, subsidy on fertilisers has also been cut by Rs 50,121 crore.
Cutting subsidy is the pointer of government going for Debt with IMF. It is a known fact that IMF gives directions to the countries to reduce Subsidies.
The government also slashed the allocation for the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme(MGNREGA) to Rs 60,000 crore, the lowest in the past four years. When compared to Rs 73000 crore allocation in the budget estimate (BE) of 2022-2023 the current allocation is 17.8 percent less. It was generally discussed that the FM Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Budget on 1st February and 2nd February was ‘MGNREGA Divas’ which was observed in rural areas.
The Economic Survey 2023-24 released on January 31 stated that 6.49 crore households demanded jobs under Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA) as of January 24, 2023. As per the Union government in FY23, as of 24 January 2023, 6.49 crore households demanded employment under MGNREGS, and 6.48 crore households were offered employment out of which 5.7 crore availed employment till January 6, 2023.
However, FM clarified that MGNREGA is a demand driven scheme and the allocation tends to keep on adding as per the demands from the states and said “MGNREGA is a demand-driven scheme. So what is stated in the Budget Estimate (BE), tends to keep adding up based on the demands of the states and then we go to Parliament with the supplementary demand. If you see the last three to four years the BE numbers and the RE numbers are very different. As per the actual number they are more than BE and even better than RE. So you end up spending more than allocated.,”
In addition to the subsidies given on food, fertiliser and petroleum products, the government also provides interest subsidy for 15 schemes. The budget of these interest subsidy schemes has also been cut by about Rs 10,000 crore.
Further, there are 14 other subsidy schemes of the government, the budget of which has also been reduced to Rs 812 crore from Rs 2,958 crore (revised estimate 2022-23). There has been a direct cut of Rs 2,146 crore in the budget of these subsidy schemes.
For example, the budget for one such scheme ‘Procurement of Cotton by Cotton Corporation under Price Support Scheme’ has been reduced from to Rs 1 lakh from Rs 782 crore. Similarly, the budget of freight subsidy scheme has increased to Rs 50 crore from Rs 156 crore. One such scheme ‘Market Intervention Scheme in the Ministry of Agriculture and Price Support Scheme’ (MIS-PSS) has been reduced to Rs 1 lakh from Rs 1,500 crore.
Overall, the budget for all subsidy schemes has been fixed at Rs 4,03,084 crore, which is Rs 1,58,995 crore less than the previous year’s budget estimate of Rs 5,62,079 crore.
After a widely appreciated clean-up of the books of the Food Corporation of India (FCI) by the Union government, which paid off its ballooning debt of Rs.₹3.39 lakh crore in 2020-21, food subsidy may again have to be funded off-budget, not an ideal thing, experts say.
Dated: 5th April 2021
Developing Tourism should be a main Political Agenda for Karwar
Waterways will be developed between Mangaluru and Panaji under public-private partnership to promote tourism and for affordable passenger and freight transportation. In order to boost tourism, a proposal has been submitted Central Government to develop waterways in Kali river, Nethravathi river, Gurupura and from HangarKatta in Udupi district to Manipal, from Almatti dam in Bagalkote district to Bagalkote town with the financial assistance from Central Government
Waterways Authority at a cost of Rs.60 crore.
All the political leaders keeping aside their party affiliations and discuss the ways to develop Karwar. There is lot of unemployment problem in Kawar. The youths are daily travelling to Goa for job. In Karwar the chances are very bleak for any big comanies to establish industries as sizeable land is not available in and around Karwar.
The only possibility is to start water related business. As per our experience since our neighbouring state of Goa is flourising in water based tourism why can’t we try for it as we are blessed with River Kali and Arabian Sea.
India has about 14,500 km of navigable waterways which comprise of rivers, canals, backwaters, creeks, etc., out of which about 5200 km of the river and 4000 km of canals can be used by mechanized crafts. The rivers in Goa, the backwaters in Kerala, inland waters in Mumbai are also flourising.
The study which was conducted to know the feasibility to use Kali River for water related activities. Kali River is tidal affected for the initial stretch of 29.55km from mouth of the Arabian Sea to downstream of Kadra Dam which may be termed as the lower reach of Kali River. The upper reach of
waterway extends upstream of Kadra dam into the Reservoir area where 90% length of the waterway has water depth more than 2.0m. The existing scenario can be advantageously used for the mobility of hinterland cargo however these aspects are to be analysed during the detailed study. Feasibility study suggests that the river is generally navigable without any major obstructions; except at two bridges in the lower reach with 25m horizontal clearances.
Dated: 29th March 2021
Personality Development need to be included as a part of school curriculum
Last year I was requested to give a talk on “Personality Development and to give tips for preparing SSLC Exams in a nearby school. I thought of preparing a Power Point Presentation through which the students can grasp very easily. On personality development I wanted to show a small vedio of success story. When I was searching in Youtube I could get one interesting TEDx Talk by non other than Surabhi Gautam who comes from a small village and studied in a small hindi medium school and also on several ocassions she had to study by the light of a lantern, became an IAS officer by achieving 50th Rank. The students were vere very receptive and later I was informed that the school got 100% result.
Under personality development for children, a lot of importance is given to the enhancement of communication skills. These skills are important for a growing, successful personal as well as professional life. Verbal communication skills are part of personality and character development. When in school, your child learns to answer freely without any judgment in the classroom. Hence, the confidence to communicate without hesitation is built along the way. Teachers, too, play a significant role in sharpening the communication skills of your child.
While academic advancement is crucial, a unique and well-rounded personality will help your child stand out in the crowd. Personality development for children is a necessity in today’s times as it instills confidence to face the world. The basic formation of a personality begins to take shape at a young age.
Strong communication skills also include being an efficient listener. Going forward, when your child communicates well, people would be more receptive and drawn towards their agreeable personality.
Another characteristic of personality development for children is that it helps in developing a positive attitude in life. Positivity is an integral aspect of growth. When in school, students must be taught about the morals of sharing, compassion, and a positive outlook towards circumstances.
Dated: 22nd March 2021
Need for early excavating
Lakes and Water Bodies
“Thousands have lived without love, not one without water”
Water scarcity is an ongoing water crisis in Uttara Kannada District. In addition to affecting the huge rural and urban population, the water scarcity in the district also extensively affects the ecosystem and agriculture.
The acute shortage of water for daily needs has prompted many government and non government organisations to take stringent measures to combat the problem. The Government of India has launched multiple schemes and programs, including the formation of an entire ‘Jal Shakti’ Ministry to deal with the problem. The government has also insisted on techniques such as rainwater harvesting, water conservation and more efficient irrigation.
Sustainability of ground water resource depends mainly on two factors viz. Annual ground water recharge and annual ground water draft. The annual ground water recharge depends on the quantity and intensity of rain fall, the infiltration characteristics of the soil, the depth to ground water level, the slope of the area and the geomorphology. For this purpose the Government has to come forward and start excavation work of lakes and water bodies from the month of March every year.
The ground water recharge is assessed separately for the monsoon and non monsoon period due to rainfall as well as due to other sources. The annual ground water recharge includes all the above. The recharge from other sources includes return seepage from irrigated area, seepage from canals, rivers etc. but, this can not be relied upon.
In rural areas there are many lakes and wells but they are in the private properties of local Jamindars, religious places or Temples. The Government does not have provision to spend money in excavating these watger bodies. But, villagers feel that if these water sources are excavated before monsoon, then they will recharged during the rainfall. Now the Government and in turn District Administration should make a comprehensive plan to excavate and clean not only public lakes, water bodies and wells, but also provide financial help to poor households to excavate and clean their house wells and agricultural field wells in rural and urban areas.
22nd March “World Water Day”
An Article on the day of World Water Day 2021
‘When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.’ -Benjamin Franklin
World Water Day is observed on March 22 every year. It seeks to focus attention on the global water crisis. People and organizations mark World Water Day every year by taking action to tackle the water crisis in different ways. Water is one of the necessities for every living being on this planet.
Water is the natural resource and the main constituent of Earth. It is widely used for both domestic and industrial uses such as drinking, washing, cooking, etc. Earth is also known as a blue planet because of the vastness of water presence. There are various sources of water such as wells, rivers, lakes, oceans, big dams, and streams but only 1-2 % water is suitable for human use.
World Water Day will focus on the theme, Valuing Water this year. This target will extend beyond concerns of cost to include the environmental and socio-cultural value placed on water resources. World Water Day 2021, is about what water means to people, it’s value and how we can protect this essential life resource.
World Water Day 2021 :
‘When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.’ -Benjamin Franklin
You can celebrate World Water Day by practising ways to conserve water in your daily routine.
Here are some important and easy ways for the conservation of water
Keeping the tap closed when not in use and don’t ignore any water leaks
Use the collected rainwater for different purposes as required.
Do not run more water than necessary while doing daily chores.
Do not prolong your bathing, have a quick shower.
Practice rainwater harvesting.Other events are held globally during World Water Day.Visual art and musical shows related to water.Educational and informative events on the importance of clean water and protecting water resources.Campaigns on rainwater harvesting methods.A trip to local rivers, lakes and reservoirs.
Dated: 15th March 2021
Multi-Pronged Approach needed for COVID control
An increase in cases in hotspots such as Maharashtra, coupled with the presence of more dangerous variants in the country, generates fears that the pandemic may begin a much-feared second wave.
Complacency now, among governments and people alike, when a vaccine roll-out is underway and cases nationwide are at the lowest level in over eight months, can undo months of progress and sacrifices made in the fight against the disease. Maharashtra is seeing a resurgence of Covid-19 cases again; weeks after the state government relaxed some restrictions, including the wider opening of the Mumbai local trains. The spike is particularly noticeable in Mumbai and its surrounding areas, and has been attributed by experts to the resumption of trains, relaxation of curbs and the laxity in Covid-19-appropriate behaviour.
Large Gatherings should be banned:
Six states – Maharashtra, Kerala, Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu – have been reporting fresh COVID cases. The reports said this upsurge is due to permissions granted for large gatherings and no control over COVID guidelines such as mask wearing and social distancing. Therefore, while giving permissions to the gatherings the authorities should ascertain whether it is a religious gathering or for entertainment /amusement. Children are openly made to dance without any mask. Vaccination drive is not taken seriously: With the COVID vaccination drive widening across India in almost every centre in the cities more recipients are from rich or middle class. In these centres poor class recipients are hardly seen. This shows either the information has not reached to the poor people or the concerned administration is not arranging for bringing the poor people to the vaccination centre.
Therefore, if the Government is seriously concerned to control second wave of COVID they have to follow Multi-pronged approach – 1. Implement strict measures in controlling large gatherings. 2. The Vaccination drive should be implemented on War Footing basis. 3. Rural population should be reached. 4. Awareness Programmes.
Dated: 8th March 2021
Motivation is the need of the Hour
“Motivation is the need of the hour”. Though the Government has announced that from 1st of March the Indian citizens who are 60 and above are eligible to get free COVID-19 Vaccine. But, people are afraid of taking the Dose.
Fully knowing the psychology of the people well, in order to secure India safe from the COVID-19 Pandemic PM Narendra Modi volunteered and got himself vaccinated on 1st March and kick started the Phase-II of Vaccination process.
Setting an example and motivating other citizens of India has been the main motto of PM Modi. Vaccination Phase-I was scheduled for the COVID-19 Warriors involving Doctors, Health Care Workers, Police department and other frontline workers who served during pandemic without worrying about their life.
Now, the Phase-II is scheduled for Senior Citizens which has been kick-started from 1st March. Senior citizens and those above 45 years with comorbidities will now be eligible to register themselves on the Co-WIN platform. Centre says that around 27 crore people come in this category.
This Phase-II vaccination process should spread as word-of-mouth communication so that the fear should go out of people’s mind and they should come forward for getting themselves vaccinated. Through this process we can keep our India healthy and safe.
Reservation Protests are nothing
but Mass Hysteria
Mass hysteria is a phrase that is used so often and so imprecisely to refer to anything from giving in to fashion fads to participating in riots and raves that it has become something of a fluid concept, synonymous with anything with a negative connotation that involves the participation of a large group of people.
Mass hysteria triggered in Karnataka State after the Farmers agitation in New Delhi on Republic Day rioting in and around Red Fort area. After this agitation in Karnataka also farmers started protestsand agitation, rasta roko and other rioting.
These agistations and riots triggered the subtle instincts which were hidden all these years in all majority casts and religions to press and put into trouble ruling government. The political parties and their leaders are also responsible for this.
Kuruba initiated the agitation in Karnataka demanding Scheduled Tribe reservation for them.Swamijis were pulled to streets to support their demands. Then Panchamasali Lingayats’ tern came they wanted to make show of their strength. Their demand is to include Panchamasali Lingayats to 2A catagory. Their Swamijis who supposed to preach in Mathas came to streets and to show of their strength to the government they announced that 50 more swamijis are going to involve in the march. They even threatened the government that they are going to lay seize to Vidhanasoudha. Later Karnataka Valmiki community also started protesting for increasing their reservation from 3.5% to 7.5%.
Not just the seers, but some prominent state BJP leaders, including incumbent ministers, have supported the quota demand. Murugesh Nirani, CC Patil, BJP MLA BP Yatnal have all backed the reservation demands. K S Eshwarappa is supporting Kurubas.
Former Supreme court justice Markandey Katju opined “No doubt reservations have helped many politicians by creating vote banks for them, but it has made casteism more deeply entrenched in our society, and has further divided our people on caste basis at a time when we must be united to solve the country’s massive problems. It is time to end caste based reservations.
At this juncture to stop all sorts of chaos Central Government should take the ”Centre Stage” position and put an end to this instability not only in Karnataka but also in India.
In my opinion financial help and facilities should be given to poor people of all castes
– Former Justice Markandey Katju
Originally reservations of seats in educational
institutions and jobs in government
and public sector services,etc were only about
22%, 20% for Scheduled Castes (SCs ) and 2%
for Scheduled Tribes ( STs ).
In 1989 by one stroke of the pen the then
Prime Minister V.P.Singh added another 27.
5 % for OBCs ( Other Backward Castes e.g.
Yadavs, Kurmis,etc ), by implementing the
Mandal Commission Report, making a total of
This was challenged before the Supreme Court, but the Court upheld the reservations. for OBCs in its decision in Indira Sawhney vs. Union of India, A.I.R.1993 S.C.477.
I met Justice B.P.Jeevan Reddy, who had delivered the majority decision in Indira Sawhney’s case, at a function at the National Law School, Bangalore after he had retired, and told him that his decision was not correct. He asked me why ?
I explained to him that in U.P. and Bihar the position before Independence in 1947 was that there was a zamindari system. The zamindars ( landlords ) were mostly upper caste Hindus or Muslims, and their tenants were Yadavs, Kurmis, etc (the present OBCs ). At that time Yadavs, Kurmis, etc were really poor and backward, and almost all illiterate.
After Independence, zamindari was abolished, and the former tenants ( Yadavs, Kurmis,etc ) became bhumidhars i.e. landholders. This enabled the Yadavs, Kurmis,etc to use the income from their landholdings to educate their children, and now Yadavs, Kurmis, etc are doctors, engineers, lawyers, High Court judges, etc. In other words, they are no longer backward.
So when the Yadavs, Kurmis,etc were really backward ( that is, uptil about Independence ) and needed reservation or some other kind of help they were denied it, but when they are no longer backward they are being given reservation. In fact this was the very reason for which the only dalit member of the Mandal Commission, L.R.Naik, refused to sign the report.
Justice Reddy replied to me that he had to rely on the report of experts, i.e. the Mandal Commission Report. I said that I was not blaming him, but only informing him that he was not given correct information.
I have always been a strong opponent of the caste system, and believe it is a curse on the nation, and the sooner it is destroyed the better ( see my article on the Caste System on my blog justicekatju.blogspot.in ).
However, in my opinion caste based reservations, which have benefited only a miniscule number of such castes ( and that too the richer section, which did not need any help ), has done great damage to the rest, and ensured that they remain as wretched and poor as they were before.
In my opinion financial help and facilities should be given to poor people of all castes, There are poor people in all castes, not merely among SCs and OBCs, and they should all be helped.
Caste based reservations are like permanent crutches. Unless they are removed SCs and OBCs cannot walk erect. These categories should certainly be helped by giving them all facilities, but thereafter they must work hard and make it on their own merit. It is totally unjustified that open category boys and girls who get 90% marks are denied admission or jobs, while those getting 40% get them due to reservations.This is reverse discrimination, as pointed out by the U.S.Supreme Court in Bakke vs. California,438 U.S.265 (1978).
I spoke to the Principal of a Government Medical College in U.P. He told me that if an SC boy fails in a test, oral orders come from above to pass him, otherwise the Principal will get into trouble. In this way we produce many ( though not all ) incompetent SC doctors, without thinking of the risk to patients.
No doubt reservations have helped many politicians by creating vote banks for them, but it has made casteism more deeply entrenched in our society, and has further divided our people on caste basis at a time when we must be united to solve the country’s massive problems. It is time to end caste based reservations
Skill Development needs a new game plan in Post-COVID India
The skilling domain now clearly needs a new game plan. The new ‘work from home’ normal has necessitated the redefining of functional roles and day-to-day operations, leading to a fundamental change in the future of work, workforce and the workspace. Therefore, innovation in skill development focused on online models will be integral to the new emerging realities.
Now the main questions on everybody’s mind are — How do we improve the readiness of businesses in using online tools for moving forward without any problems. What will the future workforce look like and what will be the new skill requirements.
The biggest post-pandemic change in the business world will be managing the workforce from remote establishments. “Work from Home” (WFH) is the new work culture in almost all sectors of the economy especially in India.
Working virtually will demand significantly different workforce capabilities. There is now a need for greater data-driven decision-making and digitization. As technology will be the cornerstone of almost all innovation and new ideas aimed at productivity, efficiency, ease and scale, reskilling the employees accordingly will be a new challenge.